نیازسنجی آموزشی مربیان فنی و حرفه‌ای

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی (کاربردی)

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه حضرت معصومه (س)، قم، ایران.

2 استادیار،گروه مدیریت بازرگانی،دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه حضرت معصومه (س)، قم، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه مدیریت منابع انسانی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران.

10.48301/kssa.2021.128439

چکیده

با توجه به اهمیت آموزش در سازمان‌ها برای انطباق با تغییرات محیطی، هدف اصلی این پژوهش، نیازسنجی آموزشی مربیان فنی و حرفه­ای است تا بر مبنای آن، دوره‌های آموزشی مناسب برای مربیان استخراج شود. برای انجام این پژوهش بر مبنای پارادایم تفسیری-نمادین، شیوه کیفی و روش اکتشافی انتخاب گردید. از طریق مصاحبه عمیق با 40 نفر از مربیان، داده‌های لازم گردآوری شد. با تحلیل محتوای داده‌ها مبتنی بر تکنیک دیکوم، 23 وظیفه شغلی شامل: تهیه و تدوین سرفصل آموزشی، طراحی و برنامه‌ریزی، مشارکت در برگزاری و اجرای آزمون دوره‌ها، ارزیابی دوره، ارزیابی فراگیر، تسلط بر روش­ها و فنون تدریس، مدیریت کلاس، الگوبرداری از تجربیات برتر، مطالعه و پژوهش، پاسخگو بودن، مساعدت به اشتغال فراگیران، انتقال دیدگاه­ها، انتقادات و پیشنهادها به مسئولان سازمان، مربی‌گری آموزش، مدیریت خرید اقلام دوره­های آموزشی، کنترل کردن ایمنی و بهداشت کارگاه، توسعه رشته، مشاور و راهنما بودن، برقراری ارتباط با خبرگان، توسعه ارتباطات خارج از استان، برگزاری کلاس­های فوق‌العاده، معرفی سازمان و معرفی ابزارها و مدل­های جدید استخراج شد. همچنین مربیان برای اجرای این وظایف به 67 مؤلفه شایستگی نیاز دارند. مبتنی بر این شایستگی­ها، 110 پودمان آموزشی مورد نیاز مربیان استخراج شد. در نهایت، تقویت دانش مربیان و مهارت­های ارتباطی آنها، مهم‌ترین نیازهای آموزشی تشخیص داده شد.  

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Training Needs Assessment for Technical and Vocational Instructors

نویسندگان [English]

  • Anis Rostami Zeitooni 1
  • Rasoul Abbasi 2
  • Jabbar Babashahi 3
  • Reyhane Assarian 1
1 M. Sc., Department of Business Management, Faculty of Humanities, Hazrat-e Masoumeh University, Qom, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Business Management, Faculty of Humanities, Hazrat-e Masoumeh University, Qom, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Human Resources Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Farabi Campus, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Given the importance of training in organizations to adapt to environmental change, the main purpose of this study was training needs assessment of technical and vocational instructors in order to extract appropriate training courses for instructors. The research was selected based on the symbolic interpretive-paradigm, qualitative method and exploratory strategy. Necessary data was collected through in-depth interviews with 40 instructors. By content analyzing the data based on DACUM technic, 23 job tasks including preparation and compilation of educational topics, design and planning, participation in exams, course evaluation, comprehensive assessment, mastery of teaching methods and techniques, classroom management, modeling best practices, research and study, being responsive, helping to engage learners, transferring views, criticisms and suggestions to organization officials, training coaching, managing the purchase of training course items, managing workshop safety and health, field development, consulting and expertise, communicating with experts, development of communications outside the province, holding excellent classes, introducing organization and new tools and models, were extracted. In addition, instructors need 67 components of competence to perform these tasks. Based on these competencies, 110 training modules required by instructors were extracted. Finally, strengthening coaches' knowledge and communication skills were identified as the most important training needs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Training
  • Educational Needs Assessment
  • Training courses
  • Instructor
  • Technical and Vocational Education Organization
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دوره 17، ویژه نامه - شماره پیاپی 51
ویژه نامه علوم انسانی
اسفند 1399
صفحه 45-66
  • تاریخ دریافت: 28 مرداد 1399
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 10 آذر 1399
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 05 اسفند 1399
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 05 اسفند 1399