عنوان مقاله [English]
Currently and in the future, is one of the most important concerns of human societies. The speed of change in jobs has increased in line with the global trend and the emergence of new technologies. One of the most important institutions in the current era is the university, which should be considered according to global changes in the issue of commercialization of science. The adaptation of university education and the needs of the labor market, as well as the fit between the individual and specialized abilities of university graduates with the needs of the country and employment, should be given serious attention. In the present research, using new sources for statistics and macro-analysis of trends and drivers affecting new emerging jobs, five main factors of technological advances, demographic changes, change in global economic power, rapid urbanization, scarcity of resources and climate change were examined, and then the most effective trends and drivers affecting emerging jobs for the next ten years with an educational skills approach were surveyed from the point of view of elites and experts in the field of higher education. The results were determined in the form of a spectrum between 0 and 3, and the data was analyzed by using Mic Mac software. The findings demonstrated the importance of focusing attention on the two drivers of economy and technology as the reinforcement variables, the drivers of lack of resources and climate changes and demographic changes as effective variables and rapid urbanization as a dependent or sensitive variable. The higher education system is concerned with reviewing and focusing attention to new and interdisciplinary fields such as artificial intelligence, mechanical engineering and robotics, civil aviation, media and entertainment, and eliminating disciplines that will be omitted in emerging jobs such as pilots, translators, journalists, repair and installation of electronic devices, bank employees.