موانع پیش‌روی ورزش زنان در استان آذربایجان‌شرقی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی (کاربردی)

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزش، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

2 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه تربیت‌ بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه فنی و حرفه‌ای، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه یادگیری حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی موانع پیش ‌روی ورزش بانوان در استان آذربایجان شرقی می‌باشد. این مطالعه از نوع توصیفی- پیمایشی و از شاخه تحقیقات میدانی بوده است. جامعه آماری پژوهش را کلیه زنان در دامنه سنی 25 تا 64 سال استان آذربایجان شرقی تشکیل می‌دهند که با استفاده از نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای و با توزیع جغرافیایی تعداد کل آزمودنی‌های استان آذربایجان شرقی به پنج منطقه مرکزی، شمال‌غرب، شمال‌شرق، جنوب‌غرب و جنوب‌شرق، تعداد 384 نفر با کمک فرمول کوکران تعیین گردید. ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات، پرسش‌نامه عوامل بازدارنده از مشارکت ورزشی کشتگر بود. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از آمار توصیفی و استنباطی به روش تحلیل واریانس آنوا با (001/0p <)، کمک نرم‌افزار  SPSS  نسخه 25 استفاده شد. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که میزان مشکلات پیش روی ورزش زنان در شهرهای بزرگ، کوچک و روستاهای استان، تفاوت معنادار دارد ( 99/130 F=)؛ به‌صورتی که موانع ساختاری به تنهایی در میان بانوان شهرستان تبریز (56/173F= ) و همراه با موانع فردی (54/229F= ) به یک میزان منجر به مشکلاتی در میان بانوان شهرستانی می­شود؛ این درحالی بود که مشکلات بین فردی (65/473F= ) اصلی‌ترین دلیل مشارکت نداشتن بانوان روستایی شناخته شد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Obstacles to Progress in Women's Sports in East Azerbaijan Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahta Eskandarnejad 1
  • Safiye Ebrahimi 2
  • Zahra Hoseinzadeh 3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran.
2 MA, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Technical and Vocational University (TVU), Tehran, Iran.
3 PhD student, Department of Motor Learning, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the obstacles to the advancement of women's sports in East Azerbaijan Province. This study comprised of a descriptive-survey and field research. The statistical population of the study consists of all women in the age range of 25 to 64 years in East Azerbaijan Province using cluster sampling. The statistical population was divided into five geographical regions in East Azerbaijan Province: central, northwest, northeast, southwest and southeast regions. The total survey sample numbered 384 people which was determined through Cochran's formula. A standard Keshtgars questionnaire was used to measure factors preventing women's participation in sports. To analyze the data, descriptive and inferential statistics were used using ANOVA analysis of variance (P <0.001) with the help of SPSS software version 25. The findings showed that there is a significant difference between the rate of problems facing women's sports in large cities, small towns and villages of the province (F = 130.99). Women in Tabriz city faced structural barriers alone (F = 173.56) while individual barriers (F = 229.54) to some extent lead were the problems faced by women in small towns.  For rural women however, interpersonal problems (F = 473.65) were the main reasons for non-participation in sports.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Problems
  • Women's sports
  • Individual barriers
  • Interpersonal barriers
  • Structural barriers
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دوره 18، شماره 2 - شماره پیاپی 53
علوم انسانی
تیر 1400
صفحه 251-269
  • تاریخ دریافت: 01 اردیبهشت 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 28 اردیبهشت 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 09 خرداد 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 09 خرداد 1400