عنوان مقاله [English]
The issue of employment and retention of human resources in education, particularly in less developed areas is one of the factors of success of the education system. The purpose of this study was to identify and explain cultural factors and new or effective methods in the methods of employment and retention of human resources in less developed areas of education and training for equitable access to facilities and training forces in all areas. An ethnographical research method was employed. The statistical population of this study included teachers in Kurdistan Province who were selected through purposive sampling of 20 teachers from different educational areas to achieve theoretical saturation and information was collected through interviews. The findings of the qualitative analysis showed that six main categories including altruism, socio-occupational identity, inequality and discrimination, corruption, creating favorable support structures and job requirements were important factors that could affect teachers' desire to remain. In conclusion, based on the results, it can be argued that in order to solve the problems in employing and retaining teachers in less developed areas, administrative and systemic problems should be corrected and more social and welfare support should be provided to teachers.